How to Increase Milk Production in Cows in India? – Know New Strategies
India has the world’s biggest livestock populace — Buffolos 58% and 15% of cattle. Due to this immense bovine stock, India has figured out how to accomplish a numero uno position in milk production, the maximum capacity of the Indian milch crowd remains unattained.
Throughout the past thirty years from 1982 to 2012, the normal profitability of Indian cattle and buffaloes has developed from 1.9 to 3.9 kg every day, and from 3.7 to 6.2 kg every day, separately in milk production in India.
The normal day by day production of milk in India for crossbreed cows is better at 7.1 kg every day yet at the same time significantly lesser than global standards. — UK, US, and Israel are at 25.6, 32.8, and 38.6 kg every day, individually.
How to Increase Milk Production in Cows in India?
The significant reasons for low profitability in India are both inherent (low genetic potential) and extraneous (less nutrition/feed, inferior farms, and management practices, insufficient veterinary and extension services, and wasteful usage of breed improvement programs).
Government activities, for example, the National Project on Cattle and Buffalo Breeding (NPCBB) have contributed altogether to fortifying Artificial Insemination (AI) services to gain a greater yield of dairy production in India.
Yet, the absence of a spotlight on progeny testing because of the inaccessibility of specialized labor, small herds, and inefficient execution has been an obstacle.
AI administrations cover just 25 percent of dairy animals. Further, throughout the years, the focus has been on crossbreeding, with less attention towards the development of indigenous breeds to get better milk production in India.
For creating practical breeding strategies it is likewise important to have thorough public-level planning and information base improvement on the number of types of livestock and their breeds, genetic resources, infrastructure for breeding and development facilities.
Cross-breeding with high yielding rare breeds ought to be empowered in zones with satisfactory facilities for feed and grub just as appropriate agro-climatic conditions. Genetic up-gradation by the method of reproducing non-descript cattle with characterized indigenous breeds should be encouraged in areas that have fewer resources to improve the production of milk in India.
With the constant decrease of land and natural resources, accessibility and quality feed and grub is progressively turning into a challenge. The current shortfall of green feed and concentrates is 34 percent. Further, there is a supply-demand gap for quality forage seeds also.
Imbalanced nourishment because of the absence of farmers’ information about the proper utilization of existing feed assets is likewise a central point answerable for low livestock profitability.
The Ration Balancing Program of NDDB and Accelerated Fodder Development Program of the Government are estimable activities to guarantee better take care and feed accessibility and improved nutrition for dairy production in India
Utilization of more up to date innovation to deliver enormous scope feed blocks, feed enzymes, and other inventive feed resources, should be improved. Improvement of a creative silage plan of action by the method of associations among seed organizations, activities specialist co-ops (for baling and gracefully chain capacities), and provincial retail channels can be a huge advance toward this path.
Great veterinary administrations are a significant empowering influence for upgrading milk yield.
In any case, presently because of the inaccessibility of prepared labor and absence of versatility (veterinary help necessities are ordinarily without prior warning require participation in a restricted time window at ranch doorstep), the services that are provided don’t make the desired impact.
An authentic, updated database for prevalence and development of infections is basic for identification, prevention, and control.
A genuinely huge foundation of vaccine and diagnostic production units, semen stations, and AI breeding ranches that is generally possessed by the government, can be all the more effectively used by appropriate participation of the private sector.
Farm Management Practices
Better management practices and automation helps in diminishing operational expenses and improving milk quality just as profitability.
Here, shared and creative dairy production models have a critical role in milk production in India.
There is a requirement for implementing low-cost technologies (for feeding, medical care, cow comfort, and milking) that are fit to Indian dairy cultivating, accordingly improving yields.
Compelling conveyance of extension services is basic to accomplish higher milk profitability. Expansion exercises additionally need to address rancher instruction on preventive measures, improved animal breeding, and improved ranch management practices.
As of now, less than 1 percent of the total budget for the animal husbandry sector is designated for extension exercises. Progressive ranchers likewise should be prepared to go about as extension agents for disseminating technical knowledge.
India’s accomplishment in achieving authority and contributing 17 percent to the worldwide milk creation has been accomplished more on the quality of milch creature numbers and less on the back of yield enhancements.
However, to fulfill the impending supply-demand gap, it has gotten important to focus on improving productivity.
An essentially tidied up breeding program, effective feed management, broad basing the scale and extent of veterinary services, selection of superior ranch management practices, and a productive expansion network are the five columns on which the dairy segment will be proficiently ready to accomplish the maximum production of milk in India.